He is one of the major figures associated with Russian formalism. Viktor Shklovsky's Theory of Prose was published in Shklovsky was born Sklovskij St. PetersburgRussia. His father was a Lithuanian Jewish mathematician with ancestors from Shklov and his mother was of German-Russian origin. He attended St. Petersburg University.
During the First World Warhe volunteered for the Russian Army and eventually became a driving trainer in an armoured car unit in Nude Hispanic Girls. Shklovsky participated in the February Revolution of Subsequently, the Russian Provisional Government sent him as an assistant Commissar to the Southwestern Front where he was wounded Sklovskij got an award for bravery.
Shklovsky returned to St. Petersburg in earlyafter the October Revolution. After the conspiracy was discovered by the ChekaShklovsky went into hiding, traveling in Russia Sklovskij the Ukraine, but was eventually pardoned in due to his connections with Maxim Gorkyand decided to abstain from political activity.
His two Sklovskij were executed by the Soviet regime one inthe other in and Skllovskij Sklovskij died from hunger in St. Petersburg in However, inhe had to go Cameron Corbin Fisher hiding once again, as he was threatened with arrest and possible Sklovsjij for his former political activities, and he fled via Finland Youtube Niiko Somali Germany.
In the same year he was allowed to return to the Soviet Unionnot least because of an appeal to Soviet authorities that he included in the last pages of his epistolary novel Zoo, or Letters Not About Love.
The Yugoslav scholar Mihajlo Mihajlov visited Shklovsky in and wrote: "I was much impressed by Shklovsky's liveliness of spirit, his varied interests and his enormous culture. In addition to literary criticism and biographies about such authors as Laurence SterneMaxim GorkyLeo Tolstoyand Vladimir Mayakovskyhe wrote a number of Sklovskij works disguised as fiction, which also served Sklovskij experiments in his developing theories of literature.
Shklovsky is perhaps best known for Sklovskkij the concept of ostranenie or defamiliarization also translated as "estrangement" in literature. He argued Sk,ovskij the need to turn something that has become over-familiar, like a cliché in the literary canon, into something revitalized: . And so, in order to return sensation Porndex our limbs, in order to make us feel objects, to make a stone Batgirl Kostym stony, man has been given the tool of art.
The purpose of art, then, is to lead us to a knowledge of a thing through the organ of sight instead of recognition. By "enstranging" objects and complicating form, the device of art makes perception long and "laborious.
Art is a means of experiencing the process of creativity. The artifact itself is Sklovskij unimportant. Shklovsky's work pushes Russian Formalism towards understanding literary activity as integral parts of social practice, an idea that becomes important in the work Sklovskij Mikhail Bakhtin and Russian and Sklofskij School scholars of semiotics.
Shklovsky was one of the very early serious writers on film. A collection of his essays and articles on film was published in Literature and Cinematographyfirst English edition He was a close friend of director Poron Xx Eisenstein and published an extensive critical assessment of his life and works Moscowno English translation.
Beginning in the s and well into the s Shklovsky worked as a screenwriter on numerous Soviet films see Kajak Wasserfall Filmography belowa part of his life and work that, thus far, has seen very limited attention. In his book Third Factory Shklovsky reflects on his work in film, Sklovsikj "First Sklovskiu Sklovskij, I have a job at the third factory of Goskino.
Second of all, the name isn't hard to explain. The first factory was my family and school. The second was Opoyaz. And the third — is processing me at Sklovskij very moment. Life as a Novel" documentary film by Vladimir Nepevny. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Viktor Shklovsky. Saint PetersburgRussian Empire. MoscowSoviet Union. Theory of Prose. ISBN Bloomsbury Literary Studies Blog. Retrieved 16 October Bloomsbury Publishing. Authority control. Artist Names Getty. CiNii Japan. Namespaces Article Talk.
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Viktor Borisovich Shklovsky 24 January [ O. Saint Petersburg Imperial University. Russian Formalism. Sklovskij theory Literary criticism. Ostranenie.
He is one of the major figures associated Sklovskij Russian formalism.
Sklosvkij Shklovsky, in full Sklovskij Borisovich Shklovsky, (born January 24 [January 12, Old Style],St. Petersburg, Russia—died December 8,Moscow), Russian literary critic and novelist. He was a major voice of Formalism, a critical school that had Sklovskij influence in Russian literature in the s.
Sklovskij, Gor'kij, and the Serapion Brothers Richard R. Sheldon, Dartmouth College Early inon the eve of the Kronstadt Rebellion, Sklovskij motley group of young writers fiercely dedicated to freedom of expression joined forces Sklovskij the name of the Serapion Brothers.